What is a Stroke?
A stroke is a sudden interruption in the blood supply of the brain. Most strokes are caused by an abrupt blockage of arteries leading to the brain (ischemic stroke). Other strokes are caused by bleeding into brain tissue when a blood vessel burst (haemorrhagic stroke).
What are the types of stroke?
- Ischemic stroke: Clot obstructing the flow of blood to the brain
- Haemorrhagic stroke: Blood vessel rupturing and preventing blood flow to the brain
- Transient ischemic attack: Mini stroke”, is caused by a temporary clot.
Many factors can increase your risk of getting stroke. Some factors can also increase your chances of having a heart attack. There are some factors that causes stroke if, detected early can be modified and treated.
The type of Lifestyle you are living example; (Modifiable)
- Being overweight or obesity
- Physical inactivity (not being active)
- Heavy or binge drinking (Too much alcohol)
- Use of illicit drugs such as cocaine and methamphetamines
Medical condition risk factors
- Blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Cardiovascular disease
- Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA)
Cigarette smoking or exposure to second-hand smoke
- Personal or family history of stroke, heart attack or transient ischemic attack.
NON-MODIFIABLE RISK FACTORS
Age: People age 55 or older have a higher risk of stroke than do younger people.
Race: Black – Africans have a higher risk of stroke than do people of other races.
Gender: Men have a higher risk of stroke than women. Women are usually older when they have strokes, and they’re more likely to die of strokes than are men.
Hormones: Use of birth control pills or hormone therapies that include estrogen, as well as increased estrogen levels from pregnancy and childbirth.
How a person is affected by stroke depends on where the stroke occurs in the brain and how much the brain is damaged. For example, someone who had a small stroke may only have minor problems such as temporary weakness of an arm or leg. People who have larger strokes may be permanently paralyzed on one side of their body or lose their ability to speak. Some people recover completely from strokes, but more than 2/3 of survivors will have some type of disability.
Quitting tobacco use.
Avoiding illegal drugs.
Maintaining a healthy weight
Controlling high blood pressure (hypertension).
Eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables.
Treating obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).
Drinking alcohol in moderation, if at all.
Lowering the amount of cholesterol and saturated fat in your diet.